Native Species Descriptions-Plants from NSG

Prairie Species(P),Savannas(S) and /or Woodlands(Wo)

The following is a list of the plants distributed by the Native Seed Gardeners. You will find information on the plants names, mature plant height, flower color, blooming times and preferred soil moisture.

Eco/ Botanical Name /Common Name /Plant Height /Flower Color/ Blooms approx. /Soil Moisture

(Wo) Actaea pachypoda  / White baneberry / 2 feet/ Wht / May, Jun/WM, M

(Wo) Actaea ruba /  Red baneberry/2 feet/ Red / Apr, May/W, WM, M

(P)Anemone canadensis / Canada anemone; Meadow anemone/1-2 feet/ Wht / May – Aug /  WM,M

(S)(Wo) Asclepias purpurascens / Purple Milkweed  / 3 feet /  Purp / Jun, July /WM, M, DM

(S)  Asclepias sullivantii / Prairie milkweed /3 feet/ Pink /Jun, Jul, Aug/WM, M

(P) (S) Asclepias tuberosa / Butterfly Weed /2 feet / Orange / Jun, Jul, Aug /M,DM, D

(P) Asclepias viridiflora / Short green milkweed/1 foot /Grn/ Jul /DM, D

(P) Aster oblongifolius / Aromatic aster /2 feet /Blu-viol / Oct, Nov /M, DM

(S)  Aureolaria grandiflora / Large-flowered gerardia ,L-f yellow false foxglove per S&W/                                                  Large Flowered Gerardia; Yellow false foxglove per S&W 2-5 feet/ Yel/ Jul, Aug,Sep/ D

(P)(S)(Wo)   Baptisia leucantha /White wild indigo; White false Indigo / 4  feet /Wht/ Jun, Jul / WM, M,/DM, D

(P) Baptisia leucophaea / Cream wild indigo; Cream false Indigo /2 feet /   Crm/May, Jun /DM, D

(Wo) Brachyelytrum erectum / Long-awed wood grass /—/Jun, Jul/ M

(P) Bromus kalmii / Prairie brome /Yel-org /Jun, Jul /W, WM,M,DM,D

(P)   Cacalia tuberosa ;C. plantaginea  / Prairie Indian plantain / 4 feet / Crm-wht / Jun, Jul / WM, M

(Wo) Caulophyllum thalictroides / Blue cohash / 2 feet / Blu/ Apr, May / WM, MM

(P)(S) Carex bicknellii /Prairie sedge/ 2 feet / —/ May, Jun /M,DM,D

(P) Carex buxbaumii / Buxbaum’s sedge /—/ —/May, Jun / W,WM

(P) Carex meadii / Mead’s stiff sedge /8 inches /—/ Apr, May /M, DM, D

(P)(S)(Wo)  Carex pellita /  Woolly sedge / Woolly sedge /—/—/ Apr,May, Jun / W,WM

(P)(S)(Wo) Ceanothus americanus / New Jersey tea /3 feet /Wht/ Jun, Jul, Aug /DM,D

(P)( S )(Wo ) Celastrus scandens / American bittersweet /  vine /Wht / May, Jun / M,MD, D

(P)(S)  Chelone glabra / Turtlehead /2-5 feet / Wht -Crm / Jul, Aug, Sept  / W, MW

(P)(S) Comandra richardsiana; C. umbellata / False toadflax/4-12″ / Wht/May, Jun / MD, D

(P)(S) Corylus americanus / American hazelnut (Hazelnut) shrub 8’-10’ x 8’-10’ /—/ Mar, Apr / W,  MW, M, DM, D

(P)(S)  Dodecantheon meadia / Shooting star /1-2’ /Wht-Pink / May, Jun / M

(P) Echinacea pallida /Purple coneflower; Pale purple  coneflower / 2-5 ’/Lt. purp / Jun,Jul / M, MD ,D

(S)  Erigeron pulchellus / Robin’s plantain/1 foot /  Pink/ May, Jun/ DM, D

(P)(S) Galium boreale / Northern bedstraw /1-3 feet /  Wht/ Jun, Jul / M

(P)(S) Gentiana puberula aka Gentiana puberulenta / Prairie gentian  Downy gentian /1 foot /   Purp/ Aug, Sep, Oct / M, DM, D

(P)  Heuchera richardsonii  / Prairie alumroot/2 feet /  Wht / May, Jun, Jul / WM,M, DM, D

(P)(S)  Hieracium canadense; Hieracium umbellatum; / Canadian hawkweed/1-5 feet/  Yel /Jul, Aug, Sep/ D

(S)(Wo) Hydrastis canadensis / Goldenseal/ 1 foot / Whit / May, Jun /  WM, M

(P)(S)  Hypericum pyramidatum / Great St. John’s wort/ 6 feet/  Yel/ Jul, Aug / WM,M

(P)(S)(Wd)Hypoxis hirsurta  / Yellow star grass/6 inches /Yel/ May, Jun /WM, M, DM

(P)(S)  Krigia biflora /False dandelion; Two-flowered Cynthia/ 1 foot/ Yel/  May, Jun,Jul/WM,M,DM

(P) Koeleria macrantha; K.cristata / June grass /2 feet/ Grn /Jun, Jul / M,DM,D

(Wo) Lathyrus ochroleucus / Pale vetchling/1-3 feet/Crm / May-July/WM – DM

(P)(S)  Lathyrus venosus / Veiny pea / 3 feet /Purp/ May,Jun,Jul /WM,M,DM

(P)(S)  Liatris aspera / Rough blazing star/ 2-3 feet/ Purp/  Aug, Sep /WM, M, DM

(P)(S) Liatris spicata/ Marsh blazing star /3-4 feet /Purp/ Jul, Aug, Sep / WM, M,DM

(P)(S) Lilium michiganense /  Michigan Lily/ 4-6 feet  /Orange/ Jun, Jul /  WM, M

(P)(S)(Wd) Lilium philadelphicum /  Prairie lily/1 foot /Orange/ Jun, Jul /WM, M, DM

(P)(S)  Lithospermum canescens / Hoary puccoon/1 foot /   Yel/ May, Jun /M, DM, D

(P)(S)   Lysimachia quadraflora /   Narrow-leaved loosestrife; Prairie loosestrife; Four-flowered yellow loosestrife / 1- 3ft / Yel/  June – Aug /W, WM, M

(P) Oenothera perennis / Small sundrops  / 8 in-2 feet/Yel / Jun,Jul /WM,M,DM

(P)(S)(Wd)Oxalis violacea /  Violet Wood-Sorrel/4 inches /Pink/ Apr, May, Jun again in Sep /DM, D

(P)  Packera pauperculus; Seneico p. / Balsam ragwort / 4-18 inches / Yel / May- Aug/ W, M

(S)(Wo) Panicum latifolium ; Dichanthelium latifolium /Wide-Leaved Panic Grass / 3 feet / May,Jun,Jul / M, DM

(P) Panicum Leibergii ; Dichanthelium leibergii    /Leiberg’s Panic Grass /1-2 feet /Purp /  May, Jun, Jul, Aug / M, DM, D

(P) Panicum oligosanthes scribnerianum; aka Dicanthelium oligosanthes scribnerianum/Scribner’s Panic Grass  /1-2 feet/ Purp  / Jun / M, DM, D

(P)(S) Pedicularis canadensis / Wood betony; Lousewort /12 inches /Yel /Apr, May/WM,M,DM,D

(P) Petalostemum purpureum ;Dalea candidum / Purple prairie clover / 1-2  feet /   Wht / Jul, Aug /   M,DM, D

(P)   Petalostemum purpureum; Dalea purpurea  /  Purple prairie clover / 1-3’ /Purp/ Jul, Aug / M,DM,D

(P)  Phlox glaberrima / Marsh phlox; Smooth Phlox /2 feet / Pink/ Jun,Jul, Aug, Sep /WM, M

(P) Phlox pilosa / Prairie phlox; Downy Phlox /1 foot / Purp/ May, Jun, Jul /WM, M, DM, D

(P)(S)(Wo) Physostegia virginiana / False dragonhead; Obedient plant /2-5 ft / Wht-Purp   / Aug – Oct /  DM, M, WM, W

(P)(S) (Wo) Polygala senega / Seneca Snakeroot / 3 feet / Wht  / May, Jun / M, DM, D

(P )(S) (Wo) Polygonatum canaliculatum /Smooth Solomon’s seal; Great Solomon’s seal / 2-4feet  / Wht / May, Jun / M, DM

(P)  Potentilla arguta  / Prairie cinquefoil /1-3 feet /  Wht / July, Aug, Sep /WM, M,DM, D

(S)(Wo) Prenanthes alba / White lettuce /4 feet / Wht   / Aug – Oct./  WM, M, DM needs to grow with Oak trees

(P)(S) Prenanthes aspera / Smooth white lettuce/ 4 feet  /    Wht / Aug, Sep / DM, D

(P)(S) Prenanthes racemosa / Glaucous white lettuce; Smooth White lettuce / 3 feet /   Wht / Jul, Aug, Sep / WM, M, DM

(P) Psoralea tenuiflora; Psoralidium tenuiflorum / Scurfy Pea/   2 feet /  Purp / Jun, Jul /  DM, D

(P) Scutellaria parvula /  Small skullcap/3-12 inches /  Blue  / May, Jun, Jul /DM, D

(P) Senecio pauperculus; Packera p./Balsam ragwort /4-18 inches/ Yel/May- Aug /  W, M

(P )(S) Senecio plattensis; Packera p. / Prairie ragwort  / 1-2 feet / Yel /   May, Jun  / M, MD, D

(Wo) Seymeria macrophylla / Mullein foxglove/  2-6 feet  / Yel  / June – Sep /  M, DM

(S)  Silene virginica / Fire pink / 2 feet/   Red  /May, Jun, Jul/ DM,D

(P)   Sisyrinchium albidum / Common blue-eyed grass (White); White-eyed Grass  6 inches /Wht-blu /May, Jun / DM, D

(P)(Wo) Smilacina stellata / Starry false Solomon’s seal /1-2 1/2 feet/  Wht  / April -June /  WM, M, DM, D

(P)Sporobolus heterolepis / Prairie dropseed grass/ 3 feet /  Purp /Aug, Sept, Oct /WM, M,DM, D

(P)(S) Thaspian trifoliatum flavum /   Meadow parsnip / 1-3 feet /Yel /May, Jun/ M

(S)(Wo) Uvularia grandiflora / Bellwort / 1-2 feet /   Yel /  May,Jun / WM, M, MD

(P)(S)   Veronicastrum virginicum /   Culver’s root / 2-5 feet /  Wht   / Jun,Jul,Aug / W, WM, M

(P)(S)  Vicia caroliniana /Wood vetch / 2-3 feet/ Wht-pink / Apr, May, Jun  / DM, D

(P)(S)( Wo ) Vicia americana / American vetch  /  vine /purple / May,Jun / WM,M

(P)(S) Viola pedatifida / Prairie violet/ 6 inches / Purp /  Apr, May, Jun again in Sep /M, DM

(P)(S)  Zizia aptera / Heart-leaved Alexander; H-l Meadow parsnip / 2 feet / Yel / Apr, May / M, DM